Class Notes: 12/14/2008
Christmas 2008 Special; Fulfilled Old Testament Prophecies concerning TLJC part 2
Since we are in the Christmas season we have started a discussion of the fulfilled prophecies that are recorded in scripture that discuss the first advent of TLJC that is celebrated at Christmas. Isa 9:6;
We saw the first mention of the Gospel in Gen 3:15; where the "seed of the woman" was prophesied to be at war with the "seed of the serpent" throughout human history on the earth.
The early church and the writers of the New Testament referred to the OT prophecies to establish faith in Christ as the Messiah, our Savior the Son of God who is the only hope for mankind.
The Old Testament was written over a period of 1000 years and contains some three hundred prophecies related to the first coming of the Messiah.
Last time we left off with Abram who had moved to Palestine from Ur of the Chaldees because of his faith. God had renamed Abram to Abraham because he was to become the father of many nations.
Abraham was a descendent of Noah's son Shem who was a descendent of Seth who we saw was the child of Eve that would be the source of the "seed of the woman"
The next prophecy shows that Isaac and His Descendants would be in the line. Gen 17:19; Gen 21:12;
Gen17: 19; But God said, "No, but Sarah your wife shall bear you a son, and you shall call his name Isaac; and I will establish My covenant with him for an everlasting covenant for his descendants after him.
Gen 21:12; But God said to Abraham, "Do not be distressed because of the lad and your maid; whatever Sarah tells you, listen to her, for through Isaac your descendants shall be named.
We are to look for the Deliverer in the descendents of Isaac. But Isaac would have two sons and two nations would come from him
So would the "seed of the woman" come through Esau, the father of the Edomites, or Jacob, the father of Israel?
Prophecy Number 6: Jacob and His Descendants would be in the line. Gen 25:22-23; Gen 28:13-14;
Gen 25:22-23; But the children struggled together within her; and she said, "If it is so, why then am I this way?" So she went to inquire of the LORD. And the LORD said to her, "Two nations are in your womb; And two peoples shall be separated from your body; And one people shall be stronger than the other; And the older shall serve the younger."
Gen 28:13-14; And behold, the LORD stood above it and said, "I am the LORD, the God of your father Abraham and the God of Isaac; the land on which you lie, I will give it to you and to your descendants. "Your descendants shall also be like the dust of the earth, and you shall spread out to the west and to the east and to the north and to the south; and in you and in your descendants shall all the families of the earth be blessed. .
But we see that Jacob had 12 sons Gen 35:22-27; So we must move to another prophecy to determine if the "the seed of the woman" and the deliverer and source of blessing to the nations is from Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulon, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Joseph or Benjamin.
Prophecy Number 7 says that It will be In The Tribe of Judah. Gen 49:10;
"The scepter shall not depart from Judah, Nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, Until Shiloh comes, And to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.
In Gen 49; Jacob pronounces blessing on each of his sons and in the process narrows the line to the tribe of Judah. Made on his death bed, this is a prophecy of Jacob describes the future of Israel. In this prophecy, God not only narrows the field again, but broadens our expectations to look for One who will one day become a ruler in Israel.
The Hebrew name "Judah" means one who is praised. In this tribe of Israel, God would provide a Savior that would cause men to lift up their voice to Him in praise.
"The scepter" and "the ruler's staff" clearly refer to the royal line and the right to rule.
"Shiloh" is a messianic title for "the seed of the woman, the Deliverer who would come."
"Shiloh" can also mean "peaceful" or "peacemaker" after the promise of Isaiah 9:6; and Eph 2:14-17; or it may mean, "Whose it is" or "he to whom it belongs," in other words the one who has the right to rule.
This is a prediction that tells us that Judah would be the source of the royal line, the tribe that would rule in Israel and one day rule over the entire world through this Deliverer who is to come.
This is not saying that once Judah began to rule that there would always be someone on the throne of Israel. Rather it is saying that the right to rule would remain in Judah and that from within Israel no impostor would sit on the throne of Israel until Shiloh, the Peacemaker, would come to rule and his kingdom is established.
Prophecy Number 8 narrows our view within the tribe of Judah to the Family of Jesse 1Sam 16:1; Isaiah 11:1,10;
1Sam 16:1; Now the LORD said to Samuel, "How long will you grieve over Saul, since I have rejected him from being king over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go; I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I have selected a king for Myself among his sons."
Isa 11:1, 10 Then a shoot will spring from the stem of Jesse, And a branch from his roots will bear fruit. … Then it will come about in that day That the nations will resort to the root of Jesse, Who will stand as a signal for the peoples; And His resting place will be glorious.
But Jesse had 8 sons.1Sam 16:10-11;
Prophecy Number 9 narrows our view within Jesse's family to his son David. 1 Samuel 16:12-13; Isaiah 9:6-7; 2Sam 7:12-16;
1Sam 16:12-13 So he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, with beautiful eyes and a handsome appearance. And the LORD said, "Arise, anoint him; for this is he." Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of the LORD came mightily upon David from that day forward. And Samuel arose and went to Ramah.
Isa 9:6-7; For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; And the government will rest on His shoulders; And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, On the throne of David and over his kingdom, To establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness From then on and forevermore. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will accomplish this.
2Sam 7:12-16; "When your days are complete and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your descendant after you, who will come forth from you, and I will establish his kingdom. "He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. "I will be a father to him and he will be a son to Me; when he commits iniquity, I will correct him with the rod of men and the strokes of the sons of men, but My lovingkindness shall not depart from him, as I took it away from Saul, whom I removed from before you. "And your house and your kingdom shall endure before Me forever; your throne shall be established forever."
These prophesies are fulfilled in: Luke 1:32-33; Luke 3:23-38; Matt 1:1,6-7;
As we proceed, the prophecies become even more precise, so we not only know in what line, but when, where, and how. The Bible's specificity regarding the lineage and birth of the Savior, is unique among all other writings of the world.
Apart from the miraculous intervention and work of a personal God in human history it would be impossible to fulfill these prophecies.
We see how God kept the line of identification so clear that no impostor could be mistaken for the true Messiah.
We also see how God completely fulfilled His Word in every detail in spite of the opposition of Satan and the acts of evil men under the control of satan.
In 1Sam 8:4-10; 1Sam 8:19-21; The people of Israel in their stubborn rebellion demanded a king like the other nations.
It was God's plan to give them a king, but one after His own heart who would rule under God's authority because God was ruling over the king's heart. We will see that God's man was not ready yet, but the nation refused to wait on the timing of God.
So in his permissive will, God chose Saul of the tribe of Benjamin rather than someone from the tribe of Judah per the prophecy of Jacob in Gen 49:10;
This is because in Gen 38:6-30; we have the account of the Judah and his daughter in law Tamar and their child, Perez and his twin brother, Zera. But since Perez was the firstborn he became the seed or the royal line Matt. 1:3; Luke 3:33;
However, Deut 23:2; states that a son born in such an illegitimate way could not enter the congregation of the Lord until the tenth generation. This means that according to the Mosaic law no son born in this manner and none of his descendants for 10 generations could serve in the capacity of king or a priest in Israel.
Jesse, the Father of David was the ninth generation descendant of Perez making David the tenth Ruth 4:18-22; Matt. 1:3-6;
God chose Saul from the tribe of Benjamin to be king until David could come of age.
Prophecy Number 10 tells us that the Royal Line will Pass Through David's son, Solomon. 2Sam 7:12-17; and 1 Chr 28:4-5;
2Sam 7:12-17 "When your days are complete and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your descendant after you, who will come forth from you, and I will establish his kingdom. "He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. "I will be a father to him and he will be a son to Me; when he commits iniquity, I will correct him with the rod of men and the strokes of the sons of men, but My lovingkindness shall not depart from him, as I took it away from Saul, whom I removed from before you. "And your house and your kingdom shall endure before Me forever; your throne shall be established forever."'" In accordance with all these words and all this vision, so Nathan spoke to David.
1Chr 28:4-5; "Yet, the LORD, the God of Israel, chose me from all the house of my father to be king over Israel forever. For He has chosen Judah to be a leader; and in the house of Judah, my father's house, and among the sons of my father He took pleasure in me to make me king over all Israel. "And of all my sons for the LORD has given me many sons, He has chosen my son Solomon to sit on the throne of the kingdom of the LORD over Israel.
This prophecy is fulfilled in Matt 1:1,6-7;
2Sam 7:12-17; declared God's covenant with David. This is known as the Davidic Covenant, God passed the royal line through Solomon with certain unconditional promises. God assured David that his house, throne, and kingdom would be established forever.
Though the house of David would degenerate and there would be interruptions to its rule, the right to rule would remain with David's family as predicted in Genesis 49:10, and one day it would be permanently established through Messiah 2Sam. 7:16; Luke 1:32,33;
Prophecy Number 11 shows that the Messiah will be Preceded by a Forerunner who will announce his coming. Isa 40:3; Mal 3:1;
Isa 40:3; A voice is calling, "Clear the way for the LORD in the wilderness; Make smooth in the desert a highway for our God.
Mal 3:1; "Behold, I am going to send My messenger, and he will clear the way before Me. And the Lord, whom you seek, will suddenly come to His temple; and the messenger of the covenant, in whom you delight, behold, He is coming," says the LORD of hosts.
This prophesy was recorded as fulfilled in Mark 1:2-4;and Matt 3:1-3; Where we see that as predicted, the Messiah was preceded by a forerunner who would prepare the hearts of the people for the Lord.
In Mark 1:2-4; Mark uses Mal 3:1; to introduce and explain the meaning and purpose of the Isaiah passage as it is fulfilled in John the Baptist, the forerunner of Christ.
Prophecy Number 12 shows that the Messiah will be Born by the Miracle of Virgin Birth Isa 7:13-14;
Isa 7:13-14; Then he said, "Listen now, O house of David! Is it too slight a thing for you to try the patience of men, that you will try the patience of my God as well? "Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: Behold, a virgin will be with child and bear a son, and she will call His name Immanuel.
This prophecy announces the birth of a child through a virgin as a sign of deliverance to the whole house of David the birth of Messiah by the miracle of the virgin birth.
This is recorded as fulfilled in Matt 1:18-25; and Luke 1:26-35;
This passage is quoted to Joseph by the angel Matt 1:23; to explain what had happened, and is included by Matthew as one of the many prophecies regarding Messiah that were fulfilled in Mary's conception and the birth and life of Jesus.
The prophecy in Isaiah contains both a promise and judgment on the house of David. It is important to notice that this section is addressed to the whole house of David Isa 7:13; not just to Ahaz or the immediate situation. It becomes both a promise to the house of David and a judgment.
By the sign and promise of Isaiah 7:14, God is assuring the house of David that they would prevail in war that they were fighting with alliance between Syria and Israel Isa 7:1-2;
They would not be defeated and no impostor would ever sit on the throne of David in Jerusalem..
The promise of the sign and the virgin birth was saying that the line of David which had spiritually degenerated would be replaced by One who was not degenerate, though still in the royal line of David and with all royal rights to the throne.
God would set aside the physical line of the merely human and degenerate house of David, which would become even more degenerate during the reigns of the kings that would follow as will be demonstrated when we get to the Coniah curse.
The sign guaranteed the deliverance of God's people and the final establishment of David's throne though the birth of this child called Immanuel, which means, "God with us."
He would be the God-man, Immanuel, conceived miraculously in the virgin. He would be the One who would become the marvelous Son of chapter Isa 9:6; the One called "Mighty God," and the Son of Isa 11:1; the One who would one day "strike the earth with the rod of His mouth . . ."
No child recorded in Scripture is called Immanuel. When Christ was born He was not called "Immanuel, he was called "Jesus," that is the English translation of the Hebrew name "Joshua" and the Greek name "Iesous"
"Immanuel" is not a name it is a designation, a title or description of who this Child would be " the "God man" or God with us in the flesh, both God and man in one person. Isa 9:6; Micah 5:2;
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