Class Notes: 3/31/2021
Some of the events that occurred during the week before Resurrection Sunday
This year the events of our Lord's capture, death, burial and resurrection correspond to their original timeline so we are going back to our study of Mark to see them as they occurred from Mark's perspective.
Mark 14:1; In the year Jesus was crucified, the Passover was on a Wednesday so according to way the Jews count days from sundown to sundown, the Passover started at sundown on Tuesday and went to sundown on Wednesday.
Jesus would eat the Passover with His disciples on Tuesday just after sundown and the Jews would observe the Passover seder the following evening at sundown on Wednesday. Lev 23:5; Net note 3 The Passover was the day of preparation for the Passover Seder and the First Day of Unleavened Bread. Lev 23:6-7;
So Jesus was not on the cross on a Friday as is commonly taught he was on the cross between 9AM and 3PM on Wednesday the same day that the passover lambs were being slaughtered and He was in the tomb just before sundown on Wednesday so the Jews could go keep the Passover and eat the Passover lamb with no intrusion from people hanging on crosses.
We see here that the Jewish government party boss were looking for a way to seize Him by stealth and kill Him.
The Greek word translated "seeking" is the second person plural imperfect active indicative of "zeteo" that means they were constantly looking for a situation where they could catch Him so they could kill Him.
The Greek word translated "stealth" is "dolos" that means with "bait" or "through deceit".
Mark 14:2; Because they said "Not during the feast so the people won't riot." Net note 4
That year the Feast of Unleavened Bread started on a Thursday which according the Jewish calendar starts at sundown on Wednesday with the Passover Seder so they had to capture Him and kill him before sundown Wednesday.
Mark 14:3; In our study of Mark 10:1; we saw that Jesus had started his journey from Peter's house, crossed to the east side of the Jordan and was on His way to Jerusalem and it was along the way that He had been accosted by the Pharisees with the divorce question.
In this verse we see that He has arrived nearby Jerusalem and was staying in Bethany on the eastern side of the Mount of Olives about 2 miles outside of Jerusalem. The Mount of Olives is a 2 mile long ridge on the east side of Jerusalem where many olive trees were planted.
Mark 14:10-11; This passage reveals that the Jewish politicians got a better chance to capture Jesus when Judas agreed to betray Him. They now had an inside agent working for them and Judas began to look for an opportunity to betray Him. Judas became the NSA or surveillance arm of the Jewish government party.
The word translated "seeking" in the NASB is the same imperfect active indicative of the Greek word "zeteo" that was used to describe what the Jewish government party bosses were doing in Mark 14:1. So now while Judas traveling with Jesus he is constantly looking for an opportunity to call in the gestapo in for the take down.
Mark 14:16-17; Just after sundown on Tuesday evening Jesus and the disciples gathered to eat the Passover. This is the evening before the Jews would eat it because Jesus would be in the tomb before the Jewish Passover seder that God commanded for Israel in Lev 23:5; would be eaten the following evening when the First Day of Unleavened Bread starts.
Mark 14:18; During dinner Jesus announces that He will be betrayed by one of the twelve disciples. John 13:26-30; tells us it was Judas Iscariot who left to immediately to go to inform the Jewish leadership that an opportunity for them to arrest Jesus was coming up.
Mark 14:22-26; After Judas leaves to rat out Jesus to the bosses Jesus inaugurates the Lord's Table that is the only ritual for the Church Age. In the Old Testament they used the lamb to depict Christ but now we will use the unleavened bread.
The blood of the lamb in the original Passover in Egypt was sprinkled on the sides and on the top of the doors. Exod 12:1-13; Then for 40 years in the wilderness the Jews didn't have doors, and so in the second Passover and every subsequent Passover they used the cup.
The cup represents the sins of the world that are poured out on Jesus as He hung on the cross and received the imputation and judgment for the sins of the world. On the cross Christ drank the cup. Our drinking of the cup represents Jesus bearing our sins.
This is the covenant and only ritual mandated for the Church Age. Luke 22:19; The word translated "do" is the second person present active imperative of the Greek word "poieo."
Mark 14:27; Jesus tells the disciples that that night they will ALL desert Him. This is a prophecy from Zech 13:7; "Strike the Shepherd that the sheep may be scattered"
Mark 14:29-31; All of the disciples and especially Peter insisted that they would never desert Him and Peter said he would die with Him.
Mark 14:32-36; Jesus prayer in the Garden of Gethsemane. Jesus' humanity was under maximum duress contemplating His separation from His Father while He was being judged for the sins of the world on the cross.
The Greek word translated "deeply grieved" in the NASB is "perilupos" that means to be under heavy pressure, distressed or depressed. He was under pressure anticipating with abhorrence what it would be like to come into contact with sin and be separated from God the Father since He had never sinned or been separated from the Father.
We know that this was what He was thinking about because in the time before the cross there were six trials, and during those trials people struck Him, they spat on Him, they slapped Him, they lied about Him, and they scourged Him.
In addition to that, when He hung on the cross it was excruciating torture because the weight of His own body separated the bones from their sockets. He was in extreme physical pain, but during all of that time "as a lamb before the shearers is dumb so He opened not His mouth", He didn't cry out once.
It was not until twelve noon until three o'clock in the afternoon that He screamed continuously and the screams were caused by the sins of the world being incrementally poured out on Him. So His sorrow came from His contemplation of the bearing of sin.
Even though He understood the predetermined immutable decree of God He still asked if it was possible for it to be done another way but "not my will but your will be done."
Mark 14:43-49; Jesus is captured in the garden was the result of Judas' betrayal. Judas came from the Jewish politicians with a mob with swords and clubs to capture Him because they were afraid of Him and for good reason.
He only let them take Him because it was decreed to occur in God's Word of truth. Matt 26:53-54;
Judas kissed Him to identify Him to the mob and they seized Him. The Greek word translated "seize" is "krateo" means to grab violently and haul off by force.
One of the disciples (John 18:10; tells us it was Peter) took his sword and tried to defend Jesus but ended up cutting off the ear of the high priest's servant (Malchus).
Peter had said, "I will die with you," but this shows us that sincerity cannot carry you. He was sincere, he meant it, and he was personally very courageous as demonstrated by the fact that his sincerity put him into action doing the wrong thing for the wrong reason at the wrong time with his sword
Sincerity is not a Christian virtue. Sincerity is strictly human viewpoint that will inevitably result in failure. The principle is that sincerity can't carry you only doctrine can carry you. There is no substitute for believing and trusting accurate doctrine. Num 23:19; Matt 24:35; 2Cor 13:8;
So when Peter should have been relying on the sword of the Spirit, the Word of God, instead he relied on a physical sword and he failed.
So this is a perfect example of crusader arrogance that is built on the weakness of the energy of the flesh backed by zeal from a lot of do gooder sincerity and good intentions that a lot of believers have that inevitably results in failure because it relies on human good rather that God's power.
Peter intended to keep his promise, he intended to defend the Lord to the end, he intended to die with the Lord; but without doctrine all good intentions in the world always end up being human good and human good is weak. Mark 14:38;
Peter had good intentions but His good intentions were neutralized by his ignorance of Bible doctrine. In the plan of God there is a way to operate and this was the time to be praying and this was the time to patiently stand fast and wait, this was the time to do nothing. There would be a time to fight but this wasn't it.
Mark 14:50-52; All of His disciples including Peter abandoned Him. Even Mark who was also following Jesus but when they tried to seize him he escaped by slipping out of his robe and running away naked. No one remained with Jesus, everyone abandoned Him.
Mark 14:53; Jesus' trial before the Jewish religious and political authorities (The Sanhedrin).
Mark skips a trial. This is the second trial. John recorded the first trial because John didn't run too far away. He turned around and followed from a distance, as did Peter. John tells us that he first trial was held before Annas because Annas was the mob boss of Jerusalem.
Annas was a former high priest, and now he is in charge of "murder incorporated" and the Sanhedrin and just about everything else in Jerusalem that was related to Jewish religious tyranny.
No trial could begin until it was first cleared through Annas. John had turned around and followed from a distance saw this first trial and records it in John 18:12,24;
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