Class Notes: 9/15/2021
The book of Romans part 1
2Tim 3:12-13; Indeed, all who desire to live godly in Christ Jesus will be persecuted.13 because wicked men and imposters will proceed from bad to worse, deceiving and being deceived.
2Chron 7:13; "If I shut up the heavens so that there is no rain, or if I command the locust to devour the land, or if I send pestilence among My people"
Believers who involved in the cosmic system have no wall of fire and are often disciplined by God during historical disaster.
God uses historical disaster to discipline and often to remove carnal cosmic believers from the earth. When too many carnal cosmic believers reject objective truth they form an anti-pivot so when there are too many carnal cosmic believers in the client nation the nation becomes self-destructive.
A nation will actually destroy itself were it not for the fact that every year God eliminates from the client nation a number of carnal cosmic believers.
Cosmic involvement rejects objective truth that results in social degeneration, economic disaster, and military defeat. This is what we see occurring in client nation USA at this time because we have too many carnal cosmic believers in our nation so God is allowing client nation USA to come under the cycles of discipline.
Lev 26:14-20; 'But if you do not obey Me and do not carry out all these commandments,
15 if, instead, you reject My statutes, and if your soul abhors My ordinances so as not to carry out all My commandments, and so break My covenant,
16 I, in turn, will do this to you: I will appoint over you a sudden terror, consumption and fever that will waste away the eyes and cause the soul to pine away; also, you will sow your seed uselessly, for your enemies will eat it up.
17'I will set My face against you so that you will be struck down before your enemies; and those who hate you will rule over you, and you will flee when no one is pursuing you.
18 'If also after these things you do not obey Me, then I will punish you seven times more for your sins.
19'I will also break down your pride of power; I will also make your sky like iron and your earth like bronze.
20'Your strength will be spent uselessly, for your land will not yield its produce and the trees of the land will not yield their fruit.
The only way to restore the wall of fire is a national change of thinking and al to return to Divine Establishment.
2Chron 7:13-14; "If My people who are called by My name humble themselves and pray and seek My face and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven, will forgive their sin and will heal their land
We are now going to take up a verse-by-verse study of the book of Romans that is the letter that Paul wrote to the believers in Rome. I believe that the zeitgeist of Rome at the time is not much different than the present zeitgeist of client nation USA.
The word to describe both is heathen so the book of Romans we will address many of the issues that we are facing in our country at the present time.
Paul wrote the letter to the Romans from Corinth before he returned to Judea at the end of his third missionary journey. Paul planned to sail for Judea directly from Corinth. Phoebe, a fellow believer, was about to leave Corinth for Rome.
She was probably the one who took Paul's letter to the Rome. Most of the navigation on the Mediterranean Sea stopped after November 11 and was not resumed again until March 10,
The letter to the Romans was likely written in the fall of 57AD near the end of his third missionary journey before he returned to Jerusalem where he was attacked by the Jews
A plot by the Jews, changed Paul's travel plans so Instead of taking a ship directly from Corinth to Jerusalem, he went through Macedonia on foot (Acts 20:3;) and eventually left for Jerusalem from Philippi the next spring (Acts 20:6;).
Paul had no idea that his eventual arrival in Rome would be as a prisoner. Acts 28:17-20; because he had been placed in the protective custody of the Roman guard in Jerusalem after he appealed to Caesar for protection from the Jews who were doing everything they could to kill him for preaching the Gospel of God. Acts 23:12-14;
Paul's letter to the Romans is the story of adjustment to God's justice in all of its facets and aspects. It provides the most systematic presentation of Christian theology found anywhere in Scripture.
It explains the meaning of the Cross for the believer's life and explains why Jesus had to die as a substitute for all of humanity, In Romans Paul clarifies the major concepts of Christianity. He explains the why and how of sin and righteousness, faith and works, and justification and election.
The customary pattern for letters in ancient times included naming and identifying the author, naming and identifying the recipient, followed by a salutation. Paul follows this pattern in his letter to the Romans.
The subject of chapter 1 is failure to adjust to God's justice. Verses 1-13, Introduce the letter, verses 14-17, discuss their mental attitude toward maladjustment verses 18-23, describe the history of maladjustment an verses 24-31, describe God's judgments of maladjustment, or God's justice that would address their maladjustment to God's righteousness.
Rom 1:1; the human author. "Paul," that means "little," the perfect name for a person who understands God's justice and the fact that believers have no rights before God. The only privilege believers have before God is to adjust to His justice.
If believers do not adjust to God's justice then God's justice will adjust to them in the form of some form of discipline.
If we adjust to the God's justice there is blessing, and the difference between receiving discipline or blessing is the believer's attitude toward and compliance with God's Word of truth. The principle is that under God's justice, God has all the rights we have no rights.
"slave" - Paul describes himself in terms of complete and total orientation to grace and his maximum adjustment to God's justice.
In many translations the word "doulos" it is translated "servant" or "bondservant but that is incorrect, it is a variant of the Greek word for slave. By describing himself in this manner Paul recognizes that as a mature believer in Jesus Christ he has no rights because God has all the rights, Paul only has the privilege of adjusting to God's justice, and at the time of writing he has done so.
All of the rights belong to God; under grace the believer has no rights, only privileges and blessing from their adjustment to God's justice, and only discipline for maladjustment to the justice of God.
Paul recognizes that he is a slave, and as a slave it is exclusively God's responsibility to provide everything he needs which God does on the basis of logistical grace.
"Of Christ Jesus," Christou Iesous. This is a genitive of possession that indicates the fact that Paul has a master, and anyone who has a master is a slave. "Paul, a slave of Christ Jesus."
"Called" translated from the Greek "kletos" is a nominative of exclamation. When it is desired to stress a thought with great emphasis the nominative is used without a verb.
The designation stands alone so it receives more emphasis. It is like a child pointing to candy and shouting, "Candy!" The nominative is a pointing case, and its point or capacity is strengthened when it is unencumbered by a verb, as it is here.
The adjective "kletos "refers to the privilege and function of being part of God's royal family. It also describes Paul's authority, the nominative points out that he is the highest and greatest in authority.
"apostle" - apostolos. The word means the highest-ranked, or the highest authority that anyone could possess as a delegate or representative.
The word is transliterated not translated so the meaning comes directly from the Greek and it refers to the highest ranked officer or the one who carries the orders. It's primary meaning is not "one sent," it's primary meaning is boss. "set apart for" - perfect passive participle from the compound verb aphorizo, a combination of the preposition apo-from, or away from-and orizo that means to decree, to appoint, to determine or establish.
So to appoint also means to separate, to sever, or to mark off for service. This can be translated "marked off," "separated," or "set apart" It is a dramatic perfect tense that emphasizes the completed action along with the results of that action.
The passive voice tells us that Paul receives the action of the verb, that God had separated Paul for service to God. The participle is an instrumental participle indicating that God personally appoints apostles.
This is translated literally, "through having been appointed," rather than "separated." This indicates that God made the choice for Paul to become an apostle.
"Because of the Gospel" This is a prepositional phrase, eis plus the accusative of euaggelion, "because of the Gospel from God." This is the ablative of source from Theos meaning "from God."
Expanded translation: "Paul, a slave of Christ Jesus, called an apostle, through having been appointed because of the Gospel from God."
The word "gospel" does not always mean gospel in the sense of evangelism. It does mean good news, and generally the good news deals with the gospel used in evangelism; but sometimes it has another meaning that is compatible with the phrase "good news."
Several doctrines have come up in this verse: The doctrine of adjustment to God's justice, the doctrine of apostle, and the doctrine of the Gospel.
We will start with the doctrine of adjustment to God's the justice.
God's grace is administered through the essence of God. Ultimately, all blessing or discipline from God to us is filtered through His justice. As goes the justice of God, so goes blessing or discipline to us
What God provides in grace must not compromise His perfect essence. Love is the motivation of grace, but justice is the function of grace. God's grace is based on justice not love.
God's justice must be free to give blessing to sinful man without violating divine integrity. Whatever you receive in blessing, divine justice must approve it first. Justice must approve everything that comes from God to man.
God's motivation is love; His decision is sovereignty. But neither love nor sovereignty can go any farther than justice will take them. Justice has the final say in whether you will be blessed or disciplined in this life
So the issue is how can God avoid compromising His perfect righteousness and still have a relationship with us? The missing link is our adjustment to God's justice.
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