Class Notes: 11/7/2021
The book of Romans part 12 Doctrine of the Gospel
We are in a verse-by-verse study of the book of Romans and got through verse 1 with the expanded translation: "Paul, a slave of Christ Jesus, called an apostle, through having been appointed because of the Gospel from God."
In the verse we found 3 doctrines to explore: the doctrine of adjustment to God's justice that Paul had done, the doctrine of apostle that was Paul's office, and the doctrine of the Gospel that was Paul's message.
We are presently in a study of the doctrine of the Gospel and before we stopped last time we were noting the basis of Gods gift of salvation.
Rom 5:1; "Therefore, having been justified by faith we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ."
At the very moment you acknowledge in your thinking that you believe in Jesus Christ, that is when the forty things are conveyed to you. Commitment, ritual or works have nothing to do with salvation.
Anyone and everyone can believe in Jesus Christ. Historical time or dispensation is not a factor.
No matter how great or evil a person may be, no matter how large the accumulation of sins or deeds of self-righteousness, no matter what false doctrine of the Gospel is being taught, all members of the human race are saved exactly the same way: faith in Jesus Christ as He is revealed at that point of time in that dispensation and generation.
No one is excluded because of any evil, sin, or guilt they may have. No one is accepted because they are "good" because from God's perspective, " all human good works are like filthy clothing." Isa 64:6;
So when it comes to salvation being good has no advantage over being evil. What you are when you hear the Gospel is not the issue. The issue is what you think regarding who Jesus Christ is and what Jesus Christ did for you on the cross.
These days many who evangelize have a tendency to make an issue out of what you are rather than out of what Jesus Christ is, and what He did for us on the cross.
For the evil sinful person, no system of reform is necessary for salvation. Only personal faith in Jesus Christ, the only Savior, is required. Since faith is the exclusive predicate for salvation it is beneficial to take a look at what faith is.
Faith is a non-meritorious state of mind that is based on believing in working objects. It is a system of perception in which the subject has no merit; only the working object of faith has any merit. This is the way most of us learn things in life. We are told something and we believe it.
In salvation, the subject is anyone, "whosoever," totally without any human merit. The working object of faith is our Lord Jesus Christ who is the quintessence of divine and human merit, as in Acts 16:31;
Therefore, faith is a non-meritorious system of perception based on the confidence, the authority, the veracity and the ability of another, this is the opposite of perception based on one's own ability, knowledge or reason.
Faith is a non-meritorious system of perception that is the opposite of rationalism or empiricism that are systems of human comprehension. Rationalism and empiricism emphasize the ability of the subject to understand the object. Faith on the other hand emphasizes the veracity of the object.
Rationalism assumes that reason is the source of knowledge that is superior to and independent of observation or a sense of perception. Descartes used rationalism and started with himself rather than with God which is typical human viewpoint when he said "I think therefore I exist."
Faith starts with God and takes the position based on the veracity of scripture that states that "God created ms therefore I exist". Gen 1:27; Psa 14;1; Heb 10:38;
Empiricism is perception by experience and observation rather than theory. All ideas are derived from the perceptive use of one's senses with no innate or a priori conceptions. This also glorifies the subject.
But on the other hand faith glorifies the object by making the object the authority. The Greek word for faith is "pistis" that has three meanings depending on its usage. It can mean faith as in to believe, it can mean doctrine as in what is to be believed and it can mean faithfulness as in an attribute.
Everything that comes from God comes on the basis of faith so salvation is by faith, as taught in Eph 2:8-9; "For by grace you have been saved by faith, and that not from yourselves; it is the gift of God, not of works lest any man should boast."
Faith-perception is the faith-rest drill as described in Heb 4:1-3; 1Pet 1:7-8; The basic faith rest drill has three stages.
In stage one faith is combined with the promises that God's Word of Truth reveals, faith believes them and operates on the basis of their seen or unseen reality. Heb 11:1;
In stage two; faith believes doctrinal rationales in the same way that stage one believes promises. As you begin to grow in the grace and knowledge of God you form rationales from, the doctrine like the Essence of God Rationale, the Escrow-Election Rationale, the Logistical Grace Rationale, and the A Fortiori Rationale.
In the third stage, faith draws doctrinal conclusions and establishes control of the situation, no matter how disastrous that situation may be.
A fourth stage of faith rest submits injustices to God the Father in an appeal to the supreme court of heaven and leaves them there for adjudication.
There is also faith perception in metabolism of doctrine under the mentor ministry of God the Holy Spirit aka "operation Z." Rom 10:17;
Faith is also used in the passive voice to refer to what is believed, the body of belief, or doctrine, as in Gal 1:23; 1Tim 1:19;, 1Tim 4:1,6, 1Tim 6:10; 2Tim 2:18; 2Tim 4:7;
When faith is translated as "faithful" or "reliable it is used as an attribute," as in Titus 2:10 and 2Thes 1:4;
Gal 3:26, "For you are the sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus." The moment you believe in Christ, you enter into a relationship with God. You become a child of God through faith in Jesus Christ. That relationship is eternally secure because it is irrevocable. Rom 11:29;
We previously noted Rom 10:9-10; that some have erroneously interpreted to mean we must make a public confession of our faith in Christ to be saved.
To more accurately understand this passage, we will note the background, the context, the passage, and finally the sequel. Paul wrote Romans chapters 9-11 to explain what happened to the Jews in previous dispensations and related it to evangelism of the Jews in the Church Age.
Paul has been discussing the problem of the Jews in Romans 9. He has expressed the fact that he had a great burden for them because by race he was a Jew, but by birth and citizenship Paul was Roman.
Being the apostle to the Gentiles did not keep Paul and his genius, under the ministry of God the Holy Spirit, from expressing his concern and love for the Jewish race. In doing so, he gave one of the greatest dissertations about salvation.
Rom 9:30, "Therefore, to what conclusion are we forced? The Gentiles who did not pursue righteousness (the perfect righteousness of God) have attained righteousness; moreover, the righteousness which is by faith."
The Jews were using the Mosaic Law to try to be saved. Both during the Old Testament and during the dispensation of the Hypostatic Union, the Jews rejected Jesus Christ as Savior because they were trying to be saved by keeping the Law.
The Greek preposition "ek" plus the ablative of means of "pistis" means "by means of faith." This phrase alone indicates that salvation throughout all human history only occurred through personal faith in Jesus Christ as He was revealed in that period of time.
In the Jewish dispensations Jesus Christ was revealed as described in Deut 6:4; Net note 7
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