Class Notes: 12/14/2021

The book of Romans part 21

We are in a verse by verse study of the book of Romans and got through verses 1 -3 with the expanded translation:

v1 "Paul, a slave of Christ Jesus, called an apostle, through having been appointed because of the Gospel from God."

v2 Which (This Gospel) He (God) promised in advance through His prophets in the holy Scriptures or writings"

v3 Concerning His (God's) Son who was born from the seed of David according to the flesh.

Last time we were working on Rom 1:4; "Who was marked out or selected by the divine decree the Son of God by means of power, according to the Holy Spirit, "by means of the resurrection" is the preposition "ek" plus the ablative of "anastasis."

This is an ablative of means and we noted that the ablative is not the usual case for expressing means it is used when it is accompanied by the specification of origin or source.

This tells us that Jesus Christ become a new type of royalty by means of His resurrection. Christ on the cross was divine royalty and Jewish royalty, but after the resurrection He is also a new type of royalty that is related to the angelic conflict

Resurrection is the transition "from death." The translation "death" is incorrect because the word translated dead or death is "nekron" it is the plural of "nekros" so it should be translated "deaths" or "from deaths ."

The use of the plural "nekron" is important because it tells us hat Jesus experienced two deaths on the cross. He experienced spiritual death and physical death on the cross. and when He died physically His body went to the tomb, His soul went to paradise, and His spirit went to the Father.

This is very important because very few believers understand the true nature of human life and as a result they do not understand that their real life is soulish and spiritual. The physical body simply keeps them on this planet in the devil's world.

The last four words in the verse are "Iesous Christou o Kurious" translated "the Lord Jesus Christ" or it could also be translated "Jesus Christ the Lord."

Expanded translation Rom 1:4; "Who was marked out or selected by the divine decree the Son of God by means of power, according to the Holy Spirit, by means of resurrection from deaths of Jesus Christ the Lord."

In the divine decree of eternity past the second person of the Trinity was designated the Son of God because of His ministry in His first advent.

It was Jesus Christ on the cross bearing our sins who was judged by the justice of God. The judgment of sin on the cross freed the justice of God to provide eternal salvation for anyone who would instantly adjust to the justice of God.

That instantaneous adjustment is faith in the Lord Jesus Christ- Acts 16:31;

Faith is non-meritorious and therefore compatible with God's grace policy Eph 2:8-9;

The Father judged the Son of the cross when He was bearing our sins. 2Cor 5:21; 1Pet 2:24;

Consequently, salvation was completed during Jesus' first death when He was bearing our sins. John 19:30;

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