Class Notes: 12/29/2021
The book of Romans part 23
We are in a verse by verse study of the book of Romans and got through verses 1 -4 with the expanded translation:
v1 "Paul, a slave of Christ Jesus, called an apostle, through having been appointed because of the Gospel from God."
v2 Which (This Gospel) He (God) promised in advance through His prophets in the holy Scriptures or writings"
v 4"Who was marked out or selected by the divine decree the Son of God by means of power, according to the Holy Spirit, by means of resurrection from deaths of Jesus Christ the Lord."
Last time we were working on Rom 1:5; that starts with the prepositional phrase "through whom" translated from "dia" plus the genitive of the relative pronoun "hos; "we have received" is the aorist active indicative of the verb "lambano" that means to take or receive something into one's possession.
This is a culminative aorist tense that contemplates all adjustments to God's justice in their entirety and regards them from the viewpoint of existing results. The two existing results we noted in verse 1 are: "grace and apostleship."
The active voice: the human communicator is Paul and the Roman believers are the recipients. Together they produce the action of the verb. The indicative mood is declarative expressing unqualified assertion, a simple statement of fact. The word "we" refers to anyone who adjusts to God's justice.
"Grace" is the accusative singular direct object of the noun "charis." Grace is a description God's entire plan. Sometimes grace refers to something specific, like logistical grace or saving grace. Here the emphasis will be on salvation that occurs at the point in time when every believer receives a destiny and a spiritual gift from God.
"Apostleship" is translated from the accusative singular direct object of the noun "apostolos." Spiritual gifts are distributed to every member of God's royal family that is comprised of Church Age believers at the point of their salvation by faith in Jesus Christ.
Spiritual gifts are only given in the dispensation of the church and the reason they are given is because when a person believes in Jesus Christ they becomes spiritual royalty and a member of the new spiritual species. Gal 6:15;
These spiritual gifts are a part of the recognition of the strategic victory of our Lord Jesus Christ on the cross who is presently in session at the right hand of the Father.
Heb 2:4; tells us that the spiritual gifts are part the organized witness of God the Father's grace plan.
Spiritual gifts demand that church age believers who are spiritual royalty function under God's grace policy and they demand that each and every individual believer is to develop and function in their spiritual gift by advancing to spiritual maturity by growing in the grace and knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ under the filling and mentor ministries of God the Holy Spirit. 2Pet 3:18;
Rom 1:5; "to bring about obedience" is the preposition "eis" plus the accusative singular of the noun "hupako" that means to hear and listen to legitimate authority; Speaking is exercising authority, listening to authority is obedience to authority. "Eis" here introduces a purpose clause and it can be translated "for the purpose of obedience..."
"To the doctrine" translated from the objective genitive singular from the noun "pistis", which does not mean "faith" here. It means what is believed, the body of doctrine. It is used for the orthodox doctrine handed down in the local church and it should be translated "for the purpose of obedience to doctrine."
This is a reference to maturity adjustment to God's justice from persistent PMA of God's Word of truth under the filling and mentor ministries of God the Holy Spirit inside God's spiritual power system.
"Among all nations" - en plus "pas" plus the locative plural of "o ethnos", "among all the nations" a reference to all the local churches that existed in the gentile nations throughout the Roman Empire.
"For or on behalf of his name" - the preposition ""huper plus the genitive of "onoma " that not only means "name," but personality, person, title, reputation, or fame. This could be translated, "for the sake of or on behalf of his person or reputation."
In other words, the believer's maturity adjustment to God's justice that comes from maximum spiritual assimilation of Bible doctrine results in the Lord Jesus Christ being glorified. Jesus Christ is glorified when believers advance to spiritual maturity from their persistent PMA of Jesus' thinking that is contained in God's Word of truth
Rom 1:5; "Through whom (the resurrected Christ) we have received grace and apostleship, for the purpose of obedience to doctrine among all nations, for the sake of his personal reputation."
Some principles from verse 5: Apostleship is a communication gift that has no counterpart today in the extension of its authority over all the churches.
Pastor-teacher is a comparable gift, but with authority extended only over one local church.
The communication gift is required for believers to make the maturity adjustment to God's justice.
Apart from the communication gift of their right pastor believers cannot advance to spiritual maturity.
For spiritual advance to occur believers must listen to the communication of God's Word of truth. This involves the concepts of academic discipline and respect for authority. These are the same principles that provide proper orientation to life as well as capacity for life.
No one who rejects any system of legitimate authority has capacity for life. Hearing God's Word includes the principle of academic discipline, respect for authority, good manners, and thoughtfulness for others.
Jesus' work on the cross is the means for salvation and rebound adjustment to God's justice.
The life of consistent study and persistent positive volition to the communication of God's Word is the means of maturity adjustment to God's justice.
Rom 1:6; "Among whom," en plus the locative of the relative pronoun hos. Paul did not start the Roman church, but the Roman believers were included in the concept of the totality of nations to which the apostle was sent. Paul has a message regarding adjustment to God's justice for all of the churches including the Romans.
"Are you also" is the adjunctive use of kai, used here in the sense of also, plus the present active indicative of eimi, the verb to be, that is translated "you are."
This is a retroactive progressive present, it denotes what was begun in the past and continues into the present. It denotes the fact that the Romans are recognized as a people and have been for seven or eight hundred years.
The active voice: Roman believers produce the action of the verb. These are Roman people living in the capital of what was at the time a great empire. The indicative mood is declarative representing the verbal action from the viewpoint of reality.
"The called" they were not called because they were Romans they were called because they had made the initial adjustment to God's justice by believing in Jesus Christ.
This is the nominative masculine plural from the adjective "kletos". This word "called" also means a "invited."
"Of Jesus Christ" a genitive of relationship of Iesous and Christos.
Rom 1:6; "Among whom also you are the privileged royalty of Jesus Christ."
In Rev 17:14; The last three words are synonymous: kletos, eklektos, and pistos each word emphasizes something different about the doctrine of election. Kletos describes the concept of privilege-
Believers in Jesus Christ are a privileged people as of the moment they are born again. This is a synonym with our royalty. This privilege is based on our relationship with Jesus.
This is the privilege that has made western civilization great. It is why the United States of America is so prosperous.
This brings us to a brief study of the doctrine of Election.
Definition: Election is the expression of God's sovereign will in eternity past before the universe existed and before mankind lived on the earth.
Election is the express of God's sovereign right over His creation because He is the creator of His creation.
Election is a Biblical term that applies to every believer in the Church Age it is the product of God's sovereignty that is deployed through God's decree.
Election, along with foreknowledge, predestination, justification and glorification, are all products of God' sovereignty so they belong exclusively to believers in Jesus Christ. Rom 8:28-30;
Election applies exclusively to believers, Eph 1:4. During the Church Age election never applies to unbelievers.
Election is an asset that expresses God's sovereign will for each and every believer in God's royal family during the great power deployment of God the Holy Spirit and God's Word of Truth.
As a believer in Jesus Christ election is the expression of God's sovereign will for your life. Predestination is the provision of God's sovereign directive will for your life. Eph 1:3;
Under election, God's sovereignty willed the highest and best for every believer regardless of race, gender or economic status by depositing in escrow the resources for every believer in eternity past.
The mechanics for the election of the Church is the baptism of the Holy Spirit that occurs at the very moment a person believes in Jesus Christ. This is one of the forty things every believer receives at salvation that places every believer into union with Christ.
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