Class Notes: 3/23/2022
The book of Romans part 37
We are in a verse by verse study of the book of Romans and got through verses 1-6 with the expanded translation: Rom 1:1-6; and are now working on verse 7.
v1 "Paul, a slave of Christ Jesus, called an apostle, through having been appointed because of the Gospel from God."
v2 Which (This Gospel) He (God) promised in advance through His prophets in the holy Scriptures or writings"
v3 Concerning His (God's) Son who was born from the seed of David according to the flesh.
v 4"Who was marked out or selected by the divine decree the Son of God by means of power, according to the Holy Spirit, by means of resurrection from deaths of Jesus Christ the Lord."
v 5 "Through whom (the resurrected Christ) we have received grace and apostleship, for the purpose of obedience to doctrine among all nations, for the sake of his personal reputation."
v6 "Among whom also you are privileged royalty (kletos) of Jesus Christ."
v7 "to all in Rome beloved of God called saints or holy...
The use of the word "hagios" translated "saints" or "holy" brought us to the doctrine of sanctification that occurs in three phases.
When we stopped last time we were noting phase 3 ultimate sanctification that is where the Church becomes resurrected aristocracy, and therefore, different from all other resurrections. The royal family of God shares in the coronation and triumph of Jesus Christ at the Second Advent so the bride must be prepared prior to the Second Advent Phil 3:21; 1Thes 5:23; 1John 3:1-2.
Our Lord Jesus Christ is the means of sanctification through His saving work on the cross. This means that sanctification only occurs for those who personally believe in Jesus Christ.
The unique person of Jesus Christ in His Hypostatic Union and His efficacious saving work on the cross is the predicate for sanctification for the entire human race.
This means that without salvation there is no sanctification, because salvation precedes every category of sanctification.
Our Lord as the means of sanctification is taught in Heb 10:9-10,14; This passage reveals what our Lord said when He came into the world in hypostatic union via the virgin birth.
v9 "At that time (point of virgin birth, incarnation), He (Jesus Christ) said, `Behold, I have arrived to accomplish Your will (God's will),'
v10 by means of which (God's will) we (Church Age believers) have been sanctified to God forever through the offering of the body of Christ once and for all on the cross.
v14 For by means of one offering, He has made perfect forever those being sanctified."
This sanctification process is part of the mystery doctrine so it only applies to believers in the Church Age.
In positional sanctification at salvation, the believer is entered into union with Christ through the baptism of the Spirit.
Because of our union with Christ we share the eternal life, righteousness, sonship, heirship, royalty, election, and the destiny of Christ, as well as many more things.
In experiential sanctification in time, the believer is sanctified through the function of the operational spiritual life and the execution of the spiritual skills that Jesus pioneered in the prototype spiritual life in His unglorified hypostatic union. Heb 12:2;
In ultimate sanctification in the eternal state, the believer is sanctified through the possession of a resurrection body that is exactly like Jesus' resurrection body.
We have seen that the agents of sanctification are the three members of the Godhead. At the point of salvation God the Holy Spirit is the agent. This is the baptism of the Spirit, as mentioned in 1Cor 12:13 and Eph 4:4;
1Cor 12:13, "By means of one Spirit we are all baptized into one body, whether we are Jews or Greeks (Gentiles), whether slave or free, we were all caused to drink one Spirit."
Baptism means to identify one object with another object. Church age believers are identified with Christ establishing equality. This equality, the only true equality in human history, is found in the equality produced by the baptism of the Holy Spirit.
We are all equal before Christ because we are all in union with Christ.
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