Class Notes: 3/27/2022
The book of Romans part 38
We are in a verse-by-verse study of the book of Romans and got through verses 1-6 with the expanded translation: Rom 1:1-6; and are now working on verse 7.
v1 "Paul, a slave of Christ Jesus, called an apostle, through having been appointed because of the Gospel from God."
v2 Which (This Gospel) He (God) promised in advance through His prophets in the holy Scriptures or writings"
v3 Concerning His (God's) Son who was born from the seed of David according to the flesh.
v 4"Who was marked out or selected by the divine decree the Son of God by means of power, according to the Holy Spirit, by means of resurrection from deaths of Jesus Christ the Lord."
v 5 "Through whom (the resurrected Christ) we have received grace and apostleship, for the purpose of obedience to doctrine among all nations, for the sake of his personal reputation."
v6 "Among whom also you are privileged royalty (kletos) of Jesus Christ."
v7 "to all in Rome beloved of God called saints or holy...
The use of the word "hagios" translated "saints" or "holy" brought us to the doctrine of sanctification that occurs in three phases.
When we stopped last time we were noting that believers become saints by the baptism of God the Holy Spirit into union with our Lord Jesus Christ. Our union with Christ creates equality and God the Holy Spirit creates freedom for our advance in God's protocol plan.
The same equality means we have the same opportunity to execute God's protocol plan under the doctrines of predestination and election. Equality plus freedom creates opportunity.
There was no equality in the Old Testament, especially in Israel. Examples of this are the Levitical priesthood, the Jewish royal family and the fact that only men were commanded to assemble to observe the feast days.
The phrase "to drink one Spirit" in 1Cor 12:13; is explained in John 7:37-39; when our Lord gave a message on the last day of the Feast of the Tabernacles. "Now on the last day, the great day of the feast (Tabernacles), Jesus stood up and shouted saying, `If anyone is thirsty, let him come to Me and drink.
v38 He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, `Out of His innermost being will flow rivers of living water.''
v39 But this He spoke of the Spirit, whom those who believed in Him were to receive; for the Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.
The Spirit, whom those who would become Church Age believers who had believed in Jesus Christ were to receive. was not yet given because Jesus was not yet glorified." Drinking portrays the non-meritorious aspect of faith in Jesus Christ.
In the Old Testament the Holy Spirit was never given universally. Occasionally certain people were empowered by the Spirit. But the universal indwelling and filling of the Spirit are reserved for the Church Age.
Just as when you drink water, the water is in you; so also when you believe in Christ, you are caused to drink the Holy Spirit, that is a description of the indwelling of God the Holy Spirit.
God's Word of truth aka Bible doctrine is the agent is experiential sanctification. John 17:17; "Sanctify them by means of doctrinal truth. Your Word is doctrinal truth."
Eph 5:26; "That having purified her (the Church), He might sanctify her by means of the washing from the water (doctrine) of the Word."
2Thes 2:13; "Brethren, we should always give thanks to God for you, loved by the Lord; for from the beginning God has elected you with reference to salvation through sanctification by the Spirit and through belief in doctrinal truth."
The absolute concept of experiential sanctification that is required for spiritual advance is the filling of the Holy Spirit.
The relative or "growing in grace" concept of experiential sanctification is related to the amount of doctrine that is resident in the soul of from positive volition to the perception, metabolization, and application of doctrinal truth.
In the eternal state God the Father is the agent of sanctification. Rom 8:28-29; in 1Cor 1:8 believers are described as being "blameless in the day of our Lord."
Eph 1:4; "that we should be holy and blameless before Him." "Blameless" is the special work of God the Father in eternity future.
This brings us back to our verse Rom 1:7; "to all in Rome beloved of God called saints or holy." the next sentence starts with "Grace" this is translated from the nominative singular of the noun "charis".
This is one of the words that are used to describe God's plan. God's plan functions exclusively on a policy of grace that includes saving grace, logistical grace, super-grace, ultra-super-grace, dying grace, and eventually surpassing grace. All of these are various phases or stages of God's plan.
Next is "to you," a dative plural indirect object from the personal pronoun "su," referring to believers today just as much as to the Roman believers that Paul wrote to at the time.
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