Class Notes: 4/3/2022
The book of Romans part 40
We are in a verse-by-verse study of the book of Romans we are now working on working on verse 8.
Rom 1:7; "To all who are in Rome, dearly loved by God, called holy privileged royalty: grace and prosperity to you from God our Father, and from our Lord Jesus Christ."
v8" First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for all of you (Romans), because your faith (doctrine)
Before w stopped last time we noted the reason for Paul's thanksgiving to God for the Romans is "their faith" translated from the nominative singular from the noun "pistis" that refers to several things. It is correctly translated "faith," but it has meanings other than our understanding of the word faith in the English language.
It not only refers to the function of the faith-rest technique but it refers specifically to the part of the function of faith that expresses positive volition toward doctrine.
Positive volition toward doctrine is the aspect of the faith rest technique that is require for doctrine to be assimilated into the "nous" (the mind, (the left lobe of the soul) and then transferred to the "kardia" (the heart, the right lobe of the soul) where it becomes epignosis or spirit taught doctrine that is available for application.
It means the relationship of faith to the function of the Grace Apparatus for Spiritual Perception (GASP) that is God's system that is the only way anyone can learn God's Word of truth. It refers to the fact that the Roman believers were positive to and therefore consistently learning God's Word of truth.
Next we have "is spoken of" translated from the present passive indicative of "kataggello" that means to celebrate or to proclaim a well-known fact that is recognized as being commendable.
It had become well-known throughout the empire that there were believers in Rome who were positive toward doctrine and were learning it on a daily basis. The present tense is a historical present that describes a past event with the vividness of a present occurrence.
The passive voice refers to the doctrinal perception and faith inside God's system of GASP where the Roman believers receive the action of the verb "celebration." There is something to celebrate when people exploit God's grace policy by being positive toward God's Word of truth.
The indicative mood is declarative that presents the idea from the viewpoint of reality and presents it as an unqualified assertion of fact "because your faith is celebrated or proclaimed."
"throughout the whole world" is translated from the preposition "en" plus the locative of "holos" plus "kosmos". At the time the whole world was the Roman world.
Rom 1:8; expanded translation "First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for all of you (Romans), because your faith (doctrine) is celebrated throughout the entire world."
Rom 1:9; "For God is my witness." The conjunctive particle "gar" is used for a continuation and a transition from thanksgiving as one part of prayer to intercession as the next part of prayer.
The subject "theos" is in the nominative, referring to God. Then the present active indicative of the verb "eimi", translated "is" This is the present tense of duration, it denotes what has begun in the past and continues into the present time.
God was always the witness with regard to any statement that Paul made when it became a part of the canon of scripture. The active voice: God produced the action of the verb in observing Paul and all believers, and verifying the stated facts.
The indicative mood is declarative representing the verbal idea from the viewpoint of reality that describes God's omniscience in synergy with His justice. Then we have the noun "martyr" that refers to a witness who is testifying in a courtroom.
This means we have the perfect witness, because God the Father who sits in the supreme court of heaven is the witness to the activity of every believer at all times whither or not they are operating in accord with God's justice.
"my" is a genitive singular from the pronoun "ego" that indicates that God belongs to Paul as his witness, indicating the fact that God is the only one who can vindicate or justify.
Only God has the right of vindication, God is the only true witness because no one but God has all the facts. The principle here is what people think of you is irrelevant because they don't have enough information to make a proper evaluation.
This is why it is a sin to judge other people. What matters is what God thinks of you and what God thinks depends exclusively on the doctrine that is resident and circulating in your thinking because God is looking at what is in your heart.
"whom I serve" starts with the dative masculine singular of the relative pronoun "hos", whose antecedent is God the Father. This is the dative of possession that is a Greek idiom that does not have an exact English equivalent.
It is an intense personal interest in something because you own it and you care because it belongs to you. From our initial adjustment to God's justice when we believed in Jesus we belong to God so God has an intense personal interest in us.
At the moment we believed in Jesus Christ for salvation God the Father takes ownership of each one of us. We become His slaves. Paul tells us that he is in the service of the Lord, because as members of God's royal family every Church Age believer is in service to the Lord.
Next is the present active indicative of the verb "latreuo" that is a word for service. It is derived from a noun, "latris" that means wages or payments made to a hired hand or a person who works for wages, a servant.
The verb "latreuo" that was used by the Greeks for service to the gods. But in the New Testament it s used to refer to the priestly ministry of every believer priest. The most important service of the believer priest is to learn Bible doctrine.
"Latreuo" primarily refers to the believer's attitude toward Bible doctrine that determines the believer volition toward consistent perception and acquisition of doctrine, and the relationship between doctrine and our Lord Jesus Christ because doctrine is Jesus' thinking.
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