Class Notes: 9/8/2022

The book of Romans part 74, Rom 1:29-30;

In our word by word study of Romans we are in Rom 1:29; with the word translated "full" that denotes a change from a categorical listing into a detailed listing of the category of evil translated from the Greek word "kakia."

The change is denoted in the Greek when case changes from the instrumental case to the accusative case. Our expanded translation so far is "Being fully influenced by all categories of anti-justice, by a state of evil, by inordinate desire, by function of evil; full..."

"full" is the accusative plural from the adjective "mestos." It is used with the genitive to list the functions of evil. "Mestos" is an accusative indicating that specific examples of category #3 are being listed, but the actual list is in the genitive.

The first word on the list is "envy" the descriptive genitive singular of "phthonos." This is the beginning of the list of evil deeds. These are all sins, but in this passage the focus is on their evil.

"Envy" is a mental attitude sin in the function of evil that creates depravity because envy goes beyond jealousy in that it has resentment and wants to remove the item from its possessor and prevent them from possessing what it envies.

"murder" is the descriptive genitive singular from "phonos" that means homicide. Murder is an overt sin in its relationship to evil. Murder is the unlawful pre-planned killing of another human being. Malice of forethought is expressed or implied in the motivation for murder-

"strife" - the descriptive genitive singular from the word "eris" that means strife, discord, contentiousness, and dissension.

When translating, because of the genitive case we are allowed to repeat and insert the word "full in each situation as in" "full of envy, full of murder, full of dissention, strife, discord," "deceit."

The descriptive genitive singular from "dolos" means deceit, cunning, or treachery. This is the attitude of a troublemaker.

A troublemaker is always cunning, deceitful and treacherous. This word means a treacherous person. A cunning person is generally a deceitful arrogant person. A deceitful person is a smart person who deliberately works to deceive.

"malice" the descriptive genitive singular from "kakoetheia." It means malice or malignity, and when you put them together it comes to mean evil craftiness.

"gossips" a change to the accusative plural, and it indicates a new category or grouping that has to do with the fact that up to this point everything you have points to a troublemaker, described in terms of what a troublemaker does, his characteristics, his essence, the things that cause him to be a troublemaker.

Now this is what a troublemaker does, so we change to the accusative plural indicating the new category or grouping. It is the Greek noun "psythyristes."

This is the accusative of general reference with the present active infinitive of "poieo" translated do or doer from verse 28.

While this is not really the subject of the infinitive it indicates the one who is producing the action of the infinitive and therefore is equivalent to the subject of the infinitive.

So we translate, "they have become whisperers," because the meaning of the word is to whisper. A whisperer is a rumormonger, a person who spreads confidential derogatory information privately in order to attack their reputation.

Expanded Translation: "Being fully influenced by all categories of anti-justice, by a state of evil, by inordinate desire, by function of evil; full of envy, full of murder, full of dissention (strife or discord), full of treachery, full of evil craftiness; they have become whisperers."

In verse 30 we continue with the description of the implacability and malcontentment of those who are maladjusted to God's justice.

Rom 1:30; "slanderers" translated from the Greek word "katalalos." The KJV translates this word "backbiters."

Whenever you have a reversionist, whether it is a believer or an unbeliever, you find an implacable person. Implacability is the description of a "backbiter" the accusative plural of reference from the compound adjective "katalalos"

(kata = down or against; "laleo" = the speak) that means to speak against, so it comes to mean to malign, detract, speak hostility, spread gossip and false reports and obviously slander.

"haters of God" is a compound adjective, "theostyges" (Theos = God; stygeo = to hate), God-haters. In other words, once you start attacking authority, any authority constituted by God (in the spiritual realm, the pastor-teacher; outside the spiritual realm, establishment), you have become a God-hater.

Attacking the police is the same exact concept, as is attacking is anything that designed for protection and freedom. Crime is an attack on freedom and privacy.

Rejecting divine authority is hatred for divine authority.

"insolent" the accusative plural of "hybristes" that refers to a violent insolent person. In other words, rejection of God's authority leads to rejection of human authority, and insolence is the concept here under the connotation of rejection of human authority.

Insolence connotes not only lack of respect for authority but the basis of authority as well, that is haughtiness, arrogance, and contentious that creates an overbearing, disrespectful attitude that leads to our next word.

"arrogant" from "hyperephanos," that means those who position themselves as superior to those who are actually in authority.

"boasters" from "alazon," that means boastful presumptuous, the one who makes more of himself than reality justified. He ascribes to himself more and better things than he actually has. One who promises what he cannot fulfill.

"conjurers of evil" from "epheuretes kakos". "Kakos" is a descriptive genitive plural meaning evil things; the accusative plural "epheureta" means to contrive, fabricate, or invent or conjure so "conjurers of evil."

The presence of evil in the soul of a reversionist means implacability, and a soul with implacability always has to dream up evil and project it into their environment.

Good examples of this conjured up insanity are global climate change, critical race theory and transgenderism.

"disobedient to parents" is the dative plural of reference "goneus," "parents" and with it the accusative plural of "apeithes," "disobedient."

Parents are responsible for divine institution #3, the family, that is the basic organization in life where people learn discipline, respect for authority, as well as orientation to life in general.

Rejection of the authority of parents results in disorientation to life. Those who reject the authority of their parents inevitably become handicapped in their capacity for life.

Expanded Translation Rom 1:30: "Backbiters, God-haters, insolent, arrogant, boasters, conjurers of evil, disobedient to parents."

© Copyright 2023, Michael Lemmon Bible Ministries. World Rights Reserved.