Class Notes: 4/20/2023
The book of Romans part 130; Rom 3:2; Doctrine of the importance of doctrine
In our verse by verse study of Romans we are in Rom 3:1; We noted the first phrase "What then the advantage of the Jew." that took us on some side trips into their genetic advantage, their doctrinal advantage and their advantage as the first priest nation to God.
Rom 3:1b; "or what is the benefit in circumcision?" Here we have a disjunctive particle "ho" that separates the first and the second question and the masculine nominative singular from the interrogative pronoun "tis" introduces the second question.
The predicate nominative singular from the noun "opheleia" that means advantage, profit, benefit, or privilege. Plus the ablative of source "peritome" translated "circumcision" so the phrase is "or what is the benefit or advantage from circumcision?"
The predicate nominative creates an elliptical that infers the verb "to be" that isn't stated but Paul often leaves out words and In the Greek these words are actually included through syntax.
The fact that we have a nominative subject and a predicate nominative demands that the verb "to be" be added.
The ritual of circumcision is related to maximum adjustment to God's justice.
Understanding the doctrinal significance of the ritual was beneficial as a challenge to advance to spiritual maturity through the daily function of God's GASP system. So the ritual teaches that the advantage is an advantage under the concept that without the advantage the advantages are not advantageous.
Such advance to maturity is maximum adjustment to God's justice and the sharing of God's integrity love. This adjustment to God's justice means capacity for blessing from God's justice in time, as well as in eternity. Blessing in eternity means there is additional blessing above and beyond the basic resurrection body that every believer receives.
Expanded Translation Rom 3:1; "What therefore is the privilege of the Jew? or what is the benefit from circumcision?"
Rom 3:2; answers the question. It is related to maximum adjustment to God's justice. Since we always deal with God's justice we must learn about and understand both His essence and His integrity. Knowing and understanding doctrine is the key to this understanding.
Rom 3:2; the answer emphasizes the importance of Bible doctrine.
"Much every way" - the nominative neuter singular from the adjective "polys" translated "great" or "much." Next is the prepositional phrase "kata" plus the accusative singular of the adjective "pas" and the noun "tropos." Kata = according to or against, but it can be translated "in" because it is a preposition of dispersion.
If many things are coming from the same source you can use "in" instead of "according to." In other words, the source is God's integrity and all of these different blessings are privileges that come from God's integrity. So "kata" plus the accusative as it is translated in the NASB is good "in every respect" or "in every way."
"First of all" is translated from the adverb "protos" means "in the first place" when you put it with the affirmative particle "men." Then an explanatory use of the postpositive conjunctive particle "gar" translated "for."
Next is the causal conjunction "hoti" that states the reason for this. Sometimes it is only used for quotation marks and isn't translated at all. Sometimes it is used to indicate the content of thinking or concluding but here it has a causal connotation so it translated "since" or "that" in the GNT it is translated "because."
"were entrusted" translated from the aorist passive indicative of the verb "pisteuo" that ordinarily means to believe, but the idea behind it is to be convinced of something, or to trust. Here it means to entrust something to someone. God has entrusted it to priest nation Israel, not to the individual Jew.
The Jew is a race or a gene pool, and the race became a nation before what they were entrusted with was given to them. It occurred in Moses' day not in Abraham's day.
In Moses' day the first written scripture was given to them. Moses was the first writer of scripture. This refers to the written canon of scripture, or Bible doctrine in writing so that from that writing people could study and communicate Bible doctrine to others using the written communication instead of oral communication.
The aorist tense is a gnomic aorist for absolute truth. The passive voice: the nation Israel received the action of the verb. The indicative mood is declarative for a historical fact: Israel became the first priest nation in history.
"the oracles of God" the accusative plural direct object from "logion" which means divine communication or revelation, and here it refers to Bible doctrine.
The definite article "ho" makes it monadic so it is referring to something that the readers are familiar with. Plus the ablative singular of source from "Theos." Remember when the ablative is God it not an ordinary source because God is the absolute source of all sources.
Expanded Translation Rom 3:2; "Much in every way: for in the first place since they (Israel) were entrusted with the doctrines from God."
This is a reference to the Old Testament canon. Bible doctrine is the basis of adjustment to God's justice in relationship with God's integrity.
Doctrine is the basis for both personal and national prosperity.
Israel had the privilege of being the first priest nation because they were the recipients of the first written doctrine.
A smoother translation: "Much in every way: for since in the first place they (Israel) were entrusted with the doctrines from God."
Since the benefit is Bible doctrine this answer focuses attention on Israel's past, present and future. In the past, as a result of Abraham's maximum adjustment to God's justice he became the father of the fourth race that became the gene pool for the seed of the woman.
The Jews had the privilege of being a uniquely developed race. It started with the spiritual maturity of Abraham at age 99.
At the Exodus Moses became the father of the Jewish nation, just as previously Abraham had become the father of the Jewish race. The Jews then formed a priest nation that became the custodian of the Old Testament scripture that was God's written revelation.
This causes us to take a look at the doctrine of the importance of doctrine.
Doctrine is important because it is related to God's attributes. Doctrine is the basis for all true worship. Ps 138:2, "I myself will worship toward Your holy Temple, and praise Your person (name) for Your grace and doctrine. For You have magnified Your doctrine above Your person."
Praising the Lord is not saying empty hollow ritualistic phrases it is thinking doctrine. The only way you can think and apply doctrine is to make doctrine the highest priority in your life.
When comparing Luke 23:46; "Into Your hands I deposit My spirit," with Psa 31:5; we see an additional phrase that was not recorded in Luke, "for You have delivered Me, O Lord, God of doctrine."
Rom 3:3-4; "Shall their unbelief cancel the faithfulness of God? Definitely not! Moreover, let God continue faithful, even though every man is a liar. Even as it stands written (Psa 51:4;), `That You might be vindicated by Your doctrine, and that You might prevail when You are maligned.'"
God only deals with us in truth. Truth is the basis of God's faithfulness because God always levels with us and tells us the truth.
You can malign the truth (Bible doctrine), but you can't destroy it because truth remains truth 2Cor 13:8; Bible doctrine is maligned by the distortion of false teaching and Bible doctrine is maligned by ignorance.
Bible doctrine is the content of the God's Word that is communicated by teaching and instruction. It is the communication of Biblical subjects based on the exegetical analysis from the original languages, including the context, analysis, and the classification of the subjects being taught.
While grace is God's genius plan to bless us and integrity is God's character doctrine is how God's genius is revealed and explained.
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