Class Notes: 9/10/2023
The book of Romans part 164; Rom 3:30-31;
In our verse by verse study of Romans we are in Rom 3:30; where Paul is explaining that the regardless of the Jews' advantage both Gentiles and Jews are saved by faith in Jesus Christ because God's integrity addresses everyone in the same way and provides everyone with the same opportunity.
We noted the words " o Theos" (God) with the nominative singular definite article "o" (the) translated "Since the Godhead is one."
That means one in essence or integrity. "Who will justify" starts with the nominative singular from the relative pronoun "hos" (who) the antecedent is God, so the NASB correctly translates it as "who." Then the future active indicative of the verb "dikaio"(justify) so "who will justify" is good.
The future tense is a gnomic future for a dogmatic statement of an absolute doctrinal reality that occurs at the moment of salvation. The active voice: God's justice produces the action of the verb.
The indicative mood is declarative for a dogmatic statement of doctrinal truth. Plus the accusative singular direct object from the noun "peritome" (circumcision) plus a prepositional phrase, "ek" (from) plus the ablative of "pistis" (faith).
The ablative is not normal case for expressing means it is only used to express means when the original source is implied in this situation we have "circumcision from faith" Remember "circumcision refers to the Jews.
Then we have "kai" (and) "akrobystia" (uncircumcision) "dia" (through) plus the genitive of "pistis" (faith Remember uncircumcision refers to the Gentiles.
In the Greek the entire phrase translates into the English as "the circumcision from faith and the uncircumcision through faith."
Expanded Translation Rom 3:30; "Since the Godhead is one in essence (or, integrity), who will justify circumcision (the Jew) by faith, and uncircumcision (Gentile) through (that same) faith."
We see here that race is never the issue the only issue is God's integrity. God is not God if He provides blessing only for one race, or for one race to the exclusion of other races.
The foundation of the genetic Jewish race was from Abraham who had a mature relationship with God's integrity. Abraham is called the "father of the faithful" had maximum adjustment to God's justice when he and Sarah had their son Isaac.
The foundation of Israel as a priest nation was from Moses who also had a mature relationship with God's integrity. Moses is described as the most humble person on the earth had maximum adjustment to God's justice.
So the Jewish racial gene pool and Israel the first and only priest nation that is the template for all Gentile client nations was related to two ultra-super-grace believers both of whom had a mature relationship with God's integrity.
Everything God has promised and everything God has done for the Jews is also available to the Gentiles because every blessing from God to man is from the source of His integrity. The facet of God's integrity that initiates to mankind is His justice.
Jesus Christ who is the God of Israel is also the Head of the Church which contains Gentiles as well as Jews. In the Old Testament Gentiles who adjusted to God's justice were also blessed from the God's integrity.
The God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob is the God of the Church, the royal family of God in the Church Age. The source of blessing for all members of the human race is directly related to God's integrity and no race is excluded because every race of people can reach maturity adjustment to God's justice.
We see from this that no race has any advantage over any other race, except as that race exploits God's grace through maturity adjustment to God's justice.
The advantages are the blessings from God's integrity that are deployed through God's justice to God's righteousness to everyone who believes and advances in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savoir Jesus Christ.
Rom 3:31; is the apodosis or conclusion of the if then clause. Faith in Christ does not rescind or cancel the true purpose of the Mosaic Law that was given to condemn sin and point to Jesus Christ as the only means of salvation. There is no conflict between justification by faith and God's true purpose of the Mosaic Law.
Remember God's purpose for the Mosaic Law is condemnation not justification. Rom 8:3-4;
Rom 3:31; "Do we then abolish the law through faith?" Starts with the accusative singular direct object of "nomos" (law). The apodosis is going to deal with the Mosaic Law since keeping it has been distorted into a system that attempts to acquire God's approval and acceptance with human self-righteousness.
Followed by the inferential conjunction "oun" (then) introducing the apodosis. Plus the present active indicative of "katargeo" (abolish, make null and void, or cancel). The present tense is a perfective present used to denote the continuation of existing results.
The active voice: the person who believes in Jesus allegedly produces the action of the verb. The indicative mood is the interrogative indicative.
Then the prepositional phrase "dia" (through) then the genitive of "pistis" (faith) with the definite article "o" (the).
Expanded Translation so far: "Do we cancel the law through the faith?"
God's true purpose for the Mosaic Law has never been and never will be cancelled, abrogated, or rescinded. 2Cor 13:8; Heb 13:8;
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