Class Notes: 5/16/2024

The book of Romans part 222 Rom 5:18-19;

https://youtu.be/Kk7pXJi_1eQ

In our verse by verse study of Romans we are in Romans 5:18; at the first phrase "So then as through one transgression (Adam's original sin) imputed to all mankind resulting in condemnation." This condemnation occurs at physical birth.

Human birth consists of human life occurring simultaneously with spiritual death.

Human life begins when the fetus emerges from the womb and God imputes human soul life to its divinely prepared home.

This is a real imputation since God prepared that home for human life. The soul is later corrupted by the old sin nature as it resides in the biological body. The old sin nature is in the biological body so the soul becomes corrupted as it resides in the corrupt biological body.

All real imputations have a place to go that can be referred to as a home. A real imputation involves receiving what is antecedently one's own. The reason it is antecedent is because there is a place for it to go.

This is in contrast to judicial imputation that does not have a home so it conveys something that does not logically belong there. So a judicial imputation emphasizes the fact that the origin is God's justice because there is no antecedent home or target.

So when an imputation comes from God's justice and there is no place for it to go so God must judge the area where there is no home that is in this case the person involved.

God prepared the soul as the home for human life, but He did not prepare the old sin nature. The old sin nature is not a part of the soul and it is not from God.

The soul is genetically formed biologically from Adam. The old sin nature is not part of the soul but it influences the soul while the soul inhabits a sin nature infused biological body.

The source of the old sin nature is Adam's original sin at the fall. Adam received the old sin nature along with spiritual death as a result of his original transgression.

At the fall Satan became the ruler of the world and the old sin nature became the ruler of human life ruling through biological life and physical death.

At physical birth God's justice imputes Adam's original sin to its genetically formed home the old sin nature. This is a real imputation.

So that in the human race spiritual death or the condemnation of this verse is the imputation of Adam's sin to Adam's trend, forming immediately at human life that is a copy of Adam's life.

Spiritual death is the combination of Adam's sin and Adam's old sin nature. The old sin nature is acquired genetically at conception, while Adam's sin is acquired at physical birth by divine imputation.

The Old sin nature is transmitted through the 23 male chromosomes that fertilize the female ovum. The meiosis by which the female ovum has 23 pure chromosomes is known as polar body that is a genetic process whereby the corruption or the contaminated chromosomes in the woman are thrown off in preparation for fertilization by 23 male chromosomes.

At conception the impurity is transmitted by the man who sinned in cognizance in contrast to the woman's original sin that was committed in ignorance.

At physical birth God's justice imputes Adam's sin to Adam's sin nature. The condemnation is spiritual death. Spiritual death comes through the imputation of Adam's sin to Adam's sin nature. This is called spiritual death or condemnation.

Therefore while God imputes soul life to the biological body at birth His justice simultaneously imputes Adam's sin to the sin nature. This is the source of the condemnation of spiritual death.

Our relationship with God at physical birth is condemnation and spiritual death. Our relationship with God at the new birth is justification and everlasting life.

Human life has a home in man's soul, while Adam's sin has a home in the genetically formed old sin nature. Mankind is under the condemnation of spiritual death from the imputation of Adam's sin to the genetically formed sin nature.

In Adam we are born condemned to death by Adam's original sin; in Jesus Christ we are born again with God's righteousness and everlasting life.

"even so by the righteousness of one" - the correlative adverb "houtos" (in this way) refers to what follows, plus the adjunctive use of "kai" (so also)...

We have seen condemnation, and now we will see justification.

Then a prepositional phrase "dia" (through) plus the adjective "eis" (one) and the noun "dikaioma" (right act), the numeral "one" and the righteous judicial act of Jesus bearing the sins of the entire human race on the cross.

" into all men" "eis" (into) plus the adjective "pas" (all) and "anthropos" (mankind) " into to all mankind."

"eis" (into) "diakiosis" (righteousness) "zoe" (of life).

The genitive of time does not signify a point of time or a duration of time; it indicates a distinction of time. This means that the word time is referring to this life in time not to eternity.

Salvation adjustment to God's justice through faith in Jesus Christ that results in the imputation of God's righteousness and justification happens in this life. 2Cor 5:21; 2Cor 6:2;

Expanded Translation Rom 5:18; "So therefore as through one transgression (Adam's original sin) was imputed to all mankind resulting in condemnation (for all people), so also through one man's righteous act (Jesus substitutionary work on the cross) God's righteousness is imputed to all mankind resulting in righteousness in this life (for all people)."

Rom 5:19; discusses the antithetical decisions of the two Adams. We have a conditional clause with a protasis and an apodosis. This dramatically presents the two opposite decisions of history.

The protasis is a first class condition that assumes the situation from the viewpoint of reality. We take the reality of Adam's negative decision and see how God has responded to that decision so we first have condemnation from God's justice that puts man out of the garden

But then, because of the condemnation from God's justice the function of God's grace policy comes into effect. God's grace policy creates something far greater than perfect people conditionally inhabiting perfect environment of the garden.

What is better than conditionally inhabiting perfect environment in a perfect body?

Believing in Jesus Christ for irrevocable everlasting life and advancing to spiritual maturity from metabolized doctrine by receiving irrevocable direct blessing from God's justice on the basis of grace and faith alone.

So the protasis explains the decision of the first Adam and the apodosis that references the protasis explains the decision of the second or last Adam. "For as through the disobedience of the one man many sinners were made"

The postpositive conjunctive particle "gar" (for) is used in an explanatory sense, and the comparative adverb "hosper" (as). Then a prepositional phrase, "dia" (through) plus the genitive of "parakoe" with the article "ho"(the disobedience) that means disobedience, but it is monadic so it refers to a specific kind of disobedience.

This is used primarily for female or responder disobedience. It actually means not willing to listen and obey therefore disobedient. It is a feminine word.

Next is an ablative of means from the numeral "eis" (one) plus the noun "anthropos" (man) plus the article "ho" (the) (the one man) so again it is monatic. The ablative of means is used when the expression of means is accompanied by the implication of its origin or source.

The feminine noun indicates that Adam also rejected God's authority. God's Word describes men as feminine when they reject legitimate authority. "For as through the one man's disobedience" is a reference to Adam's original sin in the garden.

The nature of the original sin was disobedience to God's authority in the garden. God was the authority because He was the creator of perfect people in a perfect environment.

The perfect reference for God's perfect provision was God's love. Neither justice nor grace were involved in the pristine perfection of the Garden of Eden.

Adam's original sin changed all of that and man's point of reference switched from God's love to God's justice.

The first function of God's justice was condemnation because righteousness demands righteousness and justice demands justice. God's justice executes what God's righteousness demands.

Adam's original sin resulted in both immediate spiritual death and the immediate acquisition of the old sin nature. The old sin nature originated from Adam's disobedience. The normal function of the old sin nature is the rejection of authority.

Adam's perfect body became a body of corruption and the biological flesh was contaminated by Adam's trend known as "the old man" or "the old sin nature." Adam's sin nature is perpetuated to humanity at physical birth through genetics.

The genetically formed old sin nature is the home for the imputation of Adam's original sin to each member of the human race at birth as a real imputation.

A real imputation involves God's justice attributing what is antecedently one's own. Spiritual death is the combination of Adam's original sin along with Adam's trend to disobey by means of a real imputation.

The consequences of spiritual death include:

a) The old sin nature becomes the sovereign of the human race and human life, ruling through spiritual death;

b) man's natural way of life follows the trend of Adam's disobedience toward human good and evil, as well as toward sin;

c) satan the devil became the ruler of this present world.

"the many were made sinners" the nominative plural subject from the adjective "polus" (many) used as a substantive, a noun with the definite article "ho" (the) referring specifically to the entire human race with the exception of the Lord Jesus Christ.


Plus the predicate nominative plural from "hamartolos" (sinners), an adjective used as a substantive meaning "sinful ones or sinners." It is a reference to the possession of the old sin nature that is propagated when biological life is conceived.

Plus the aorist passive indicative of the verb "kathisthmi" (stand down). This is a compound verb "kata" (down)'; "isthmi" (stand) so it means to stand down, to set down, to put in place.

In this case it is in the passive voice here so it means to put in place or appoint, to make or to establish" the many (each and every member of the entire human race) was appointed or put in place as sinners when they were born before they did anything.

This tells us that we are not sinners because we committed sin we are sinful ones because we are appointed to sin. The aorist tense is a constantive aorist that gathers into one situation the entire action of the verb.

It takes the occurrence that is the imputation of Adam's original sin to each and every member of the human race at birth and regardless of the duration of history it gathers the birth of every human except for Jesus Christ into the situation of being appointed as a sinner at birth.

That is why we are born to sin. Reminds me of one of my favorite rock songs Steppenwolf's "Born to be Wild."

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