Class Notes: 6/6/2024

The book of Romans part 228; Rom 6:1-2;

https://youtu.be/ctJwAuGg2zw

In our verse-by-verse study of Romans we are in Rom 6:1; Last time we started with the first phrase.

"What then shall we say?" The nominative neuter singular from the interrogative pronoun "tis" (what), plus the postpositive inferential conjunctive "oun" (then), a particle that is used in the formula question that Paul using is used seven other times in Romans 3:5; 4:1; 6:1; 7:7; 8:31; 9; 14, 30.

So we have "what" followed by the future active indicative of the verb "lego" (will we say). The future tense is a deliberative future that is used when a question of uncertainty is expressed.

Here we have a rhetorical question taking the place of a direct assertion of fact. The rhetorical question here is going to introduce a false conclusion in order to set up an explanation for what is actually the truth.

"Are we continue in sin" from the present active subjunctive from the verb "epimeno" (continue or stay) it means to continue, to stay, to remain, to persist in. We will translate it "Are we to continue."

The present tense of duration refers to what started in the past and continues into the present time. The active voice: mankind produces the action of the verb of remaining under the sovereignty of the old sin nature after salvation.

The subjunctive mood is the deliberative subjunctive that is used in debater's technique to express a rhetorical question that states an erroneous assumption in the form of a question.

The purpose is to refute the question so that the falsehood can be replaced by true and accurate information. There is also the locative of sphere from the noun "ho hamartia" (the sin) in the singular with the definite article referring to Adam's original sin combined with the old sin nature that is the predicate for all personal sin.

The plural of "hamartia" (sins) refers to actual personal sin but in this case it refers to the old sin nature that is Adam's trend along with the definite article that used here to specifically refer to the old sin nature's rulership of human life through spiritual death. So we have "Are we to continue in the sovereignty of the sin nature?"

"that grace may increase" from the conjunction "hina" (that) that introduces a final purpose clause. Plus the subject, the nominative singular of " ho charis" (the grace) with the definite article referring to the previous reference in Rom 5:20,21; that some have distorted into a false conclusion.

Plus the aorist active subjunctive of "pleonazo" (abound, increase, or augment) "in order that the grace of God might increase."

The constantive aorist tense is used for a fact or action extended over a period of time but gathered up into one single entirety. the concept of Romans 5:20, 21; that has been deliberately distorted by some in order to create confusion from a false assumption.

The active voice alleges that grace produces the action of the verb. Since this is a false conclusion it is a false accusation that has been made rather than a fact of reality. The subjunctive mood is a potential subjunctive that references a false accusation rather than an actual fact.

Expanded Translation Rom 6:1; "Therefore what are we to conclude? Are we to continue in the sovereignty of the sin nature in order that the grace of God might increase?"

Rom 6:2; is a categorical rejection of the false assumption.

"May it never be" in the Greek is "mh genoito." (not happening) This is an idiom for a very strong negative. The qualifying negative "mh" (not) is used in a prohibitive sense in an independent clause to express a negative expletive.

It is made up of one of the basic negative adverbs in the Greek. One is "ou" (not) and the other is "mh" (not). "Ou" always rejects the fact; "mh" rejects the idea. "Mh" is used with the subjunctive and "ou" is used with the indicative.

"Mh" always rejects the idea or the predicate. So we have "mh" denying the idea plus the optative mood that expresses an expectation. The aorist active optative of "ginomai" that means to become or to come to pass or to happen. This is a gnomic aorist tense that is used for the certainty of refuting a false premise.

The active voice: a false assumption produces the action of the verb. The optative mood expresses a negative desire. In with the expression "mh genoito." We have the optative of a strong desire that strongly deprecates the false assumption stated in the form of a rhetorical question and in effect states, "I reject it." or in modern parlance "NOT."

A literal translation is, "Let it not be so." This implies everything that the idiom is not. That is why you do not translate idioms literally; because when you do you lose the impact of the statement.

Paul uses the Greek idiom to express his abhorrence to an inference that creates a false conclusion that aids and abets legalism.

Repudiation of the allegation emphasizes the principle that God's integrity does not depend upon the ability, the self-righteousness or the talent of man because God's justice blesses on the basis of God's grace policy.

Grace is the policy of the justice of God in providing blessing for the believer in time and in eternity. Grace always emphasizes what God does and de-emphasizes what people do.

By emphasizing God's production grace calls attention to God's justice as man's point of reference. Grace always emphasizes God's justice by focusing on what God does.

Under grace everything depends on who and what God is. Everything depends on God's justice being free from being compromised when it conveys blessing from God.

This strong idiom rejects the allegation that we should sin more so that there would be more grace. "

How will we who have died to the sin, still live in it?" The nominative masculine plural from the qualitative relative pronoun "hostis" (we who) has an antecedent that is the editorial suffix "we" from the previous verse.

The literal translation of "hostis" is (we, the ones who). But we shorten that to (we who) to make better English. Then the aorist active indicative from the verb "apothnsko" (have died) refers to retroactive positional truth that results from the baptism of the Holy Spirit at salvation.

This is retroactive positional death "we who are dead," very much alive but dead to something. "We who have died" is a good translation. The aorist tense is a constantive aorist that refers to the baptism of the Holy Spirit and subsequent positional truth that is the product of instantaneous momentary action that occurs at salvation.

The active voice: the believer produces the action of the verb at salvation by faith in Jesus Christ. The action is very simple. The believer dies to the ruler ship of the old sin nature even though the old sin nature is still functioning in the cell structure of the believer's body and the believer is still physically alive on this earth in the devil's world

This means that positionally the believer is no longer under the exclusive control of the sin nature and is therefore described as dead to the old sin nature that still resides and functions in the cell structure of their physical body.

That means that through the baptism of the Holy Spirit the believer dies to the old sin nature's sovereignty or ruler ship in human life. The indicative mood is declarative indicating that it is a statement of accurate doctrinal reality that contradicts the false conclusion of the previous verse.

Then the dative singular indirect object from " ho hamartia" (the sin) referring to the old sin nature or Adam's trend. The definite article makes it monadic so it references the previous specific reference in the context.

Since the old sin nature has been previously used in the context the definite article indicates this is the same sin nature, that was mentioned in verse 1 so we have "We who have died to the sin nature."

Then comes the interrogative particle "pos" (how) that introduces a rhetorical question that is used to challenge an erroneous assumption along with the future active indicative of the verb "zoe" (to live).

The future tense is a deliberative future that is used when a rhetorical question is used instead of a direct assertion. The active voice: the believer produces the action of the verb at the moment of salvation through the baptism of the Holy Spirit.

The indicative mood is an interrogative indicative that is used to make an assertion in a rhetorical question. Plus the adverb "eti" (still) referencing a continuing situation so we have "How shall we still live."

Plus the prepositional phrase, "en" (in) plus the locative of the intensive pronoun "autos" (in it) used to emphasize the identity of the old sin nature as the sovereign ruler of human life through spiritual death "in it," refers to the living in or under the power of the old sin nature.

Expanded Translation: Rom 6:2; "We who have died to the sin nature, how shall we still live in it?"

We see from this that the old sin nature that is the sovereign of human life from physical birth is no longer the controlling factor in the life of the believer. Positionally the old sin nature is dead because God the Holy Spirit has broken its power.

Living in the old sin nature refers to continuing under the rule of the old sin nature and following its trends of sin, human good, and evil.

After salvation the old sin nature still resides in the contaminated cells of the physical body, but through the baptism of the Holy Spirit at salvation the power, the sovereignty, and the ruler ship of the old sin nature has been broken.

Because of its genetic origin the old sin nature is not eradicated until the body is replaced at physical death or the exit resurrection.

Though still present in our body of corruption the old sin nature has been deposed so it no longer has the power to rule our lives. The only reason it still rules is because we choose for it to rule over us.

A new power, the power of the Holy Spirit, has replaced the power of the old sin nature, so that we always have the option to go with the old sin nature or to go with the Holy Spirit.

The rhetorical question introduces the point of doctrine that there is a new life for the believer on the earth in the devil's world. Believers have the ability to choose to function free from the sovereignty and the power of the old sin nature by being filled with the Spirit.

One of the applications of the baptism of the Holy Spirit is retroactive positional truth. Retroactive positional truth breaks us free from the power of the trends of the old sin nature.

While imputed righteousness and subsequent justification is the basis for temporal blessing after salvation, the salvation ministries of the Holy Spirit provide the basis for breaking the old sin nature's ruler ship over human life.

These salvation ministries of the Holy Spirit are designed by God to provide the environment for temporal blessing from God's justice when the believer has capacity from doctrine at spiritual maturity.

The environment cannot be the same as the Garden of Eden, since at that time man and woman were perfect people in a perfect environment.

The fall of Adam and the woman destroyed perfect people and perfect environment and now the devil rules the world and the devil cannot provide perfect environment for mankind, even though he uses all of his resources in his attempt to recreate that perfect environment along with self improved people.

When the sin nature is the sovereign over human life every attempt to create environmental improvement intensifies human good and becomes evil. The sin nature intensifies the evil of human good and the evil of sin.

Therefore the salvation ministries of the Holy Spirit are specifically designed to provide the best environment for temporal blessings from God's justice.

The environment provided by the salvation ministries of the Holy Spirit are internal because God the Holy Spirit does not improve or whitewash the devil's world.

Internal means that these ministries of the Holy Spirit are related to both the body and the soul. They relate to the body where the old sin nature dwells; they relate to the soul where God's Word of truth must reside.

Remember that the old sin nature indwells the human body genetically and influences the human soul toward sin, good, and evil.

From its genetic headquarters in the human body the old sin nature constantly seeks to rule the souls of humanity.

But the Holy Spirit's five ministries at salvation frustrate this activity of the old sin nature. They are designed to provide an encapsulated environment in the devil's world that is actually superior to the perfect environment that Adam and the woman had in the Garden of Eden for everyone who believes in Jesus Christ.


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